Lucy Hicks Anderson lived as a woman in Oxnard, California, from 1920 until 1945, when it was discovered that she was biologically male. Although she did not refer to herself as a transgendered person (“transgender” was not a term that existed during her lifetime), she insisted publicly that a person could appear to be of one sex but actually belong to the other. Born Tobias Lawson in 1886, when she began school she insisted on wearing dresses and being called “Lucy.” Her mother took her to a physician, and the doctor advised her mother to rear Lucy as a girl. Anderson left school at the age of fifteen to work as a domestic. In 1920 she married Clarence Hicks in New Mexico, and then moved to California. There she continued to work as a domestic, but saved her money, purchased property near the center of town, and began operating a brothel. Anderson divorced Hicks in 1929 and in 1944, she married Reuben Anderson, a soldier stationed in Long Island, New York. When it was discovered that Anderson was biologically male, the Ventura County district attorney decided to try her for perjury. She challenged the authority of physicians who insisted that she was male. “I defy any doctor in the world to prove that I am not a woman,” Anderson told reporters in the midst of her perjury trial. “I have lived, dressed, acted just what I am, a woman.” A jury convicted her, but she was placed on probation for ten years and not sent to prison. Anderson had received allotment checks as the wife of a member of the U.S. Army. Because of this, the Federal government prosecuted both Reuben Anderson and Lucy Hicks Anderson for fraud in 1946. Both were found guilty and sentenced to prison. After her release from prison, Anderson tried to return to Oxnard, but the local police chief forced her out of town. She lived the remainder of her life in Los Angeles. As Lucy Hicks Anderson. Because she was a trailblazer.