Born a slave in Liberty County, Georgia, Susie King Taylor attended two secret schools run by black women where she learned to read and write and furthered her secret education with the help of two white youths. In 1862, she fled to St. Simons Island, which was occupied by the Union Army and the officers quickly noticed Taylor’s literacy and offered to obtain books for her if she would organize a school. She became the first black teacher for freed African-American students in Georgia. Later she married Edward King, a noncommissioned black officer of the Union Army and traveled with his regiment working as a nurse and laundress and teaching soldiers to read when she had time. She is credited with being the first black nurse in the U.S. Army and was the only African-American woman to publish a memoir of her wartime experiences called Reminiscences of My Life in Camp with the 33d United States Colored Troops, Late 1st S.C. Volunteers.