Stephen Bantu Biko was an anti-apartheid activist. He helped found the South African Students’ Organization (SASO), an organization created in part to promote the unification of university students in a "black consciousness." Biko was a key figure in the “Durban Moment” (this was the period in the early ‘70s when the city of Durban became the center for resistance against apartheid) and was expelled from the University of Natal in ’72 for his political activities. In 1973, the South African government “banned” him meaning he couldn’t legally speak to more than one person at a time and he couldn’t be quoted in the media. On August 18, 1977, Biko was arrested and detained under the Terrorism Act of 1967. He was interrogated for twenty-two hours, tortured and beaten and left in a coma. On September 11, 1977, police loaded him in the back of a Land Rover, naked and restrained in manacles, and drove him to Pretoria Prison—1,100 kilometers away. He died shortly after arrival at the prison on September 12th. Despite an elaborate cover up, the truth behind Biko brutal death came out later due to the efforts of journalist and personal friend, Donald Woods and Helen Zille (currently the premier of the Western Cape). He made the phrase “black is beautiful” famous.